Islamic State (02:40)
Sept. 11 showed the West its new enemy was Al Qaeda. 13 years later, ISIS has replaced them and shows greater ambition, constructing a state.
Since 2011 U.S. withdrawal, Baghdad has been divided in two, with Sunnis marginalized. ISIS promises Sunnis vengeance; Baghdad is its next target.
Al-Baghdadi's Background (03:29)
An Iraqi expert talks about Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi's educational background. Imprisoned by the Americans, he became radicalized and formed alliances with former Saddam officials.
American Withdrawal from Iraq (01:12)
With Al Qaeda in Iraq deteriorating, the U.S. withdrew, leaving security to Iraq's military.
IS in Syria (02:16)
Syrian civil war was the big break for IS. IS imposed itself on the opposition movement and implemented Sharia where it conquered.
Foreign Recruits (02:11)
IS shares a border with Turkey; Gaziantep, Turkey is a stop-off point for foreign IS recruits. A Syrian arms dealer talks about dealings with IS.
Islamic State's Successes (01:52)
By early 2014, IS had wiped out rivals in Syria and imposed its law. Sophisticated propaganda has lured Sunnis disappointed by the Arab Spring.
ISIS Implements Agenda (01:42)
ISIS set up headquarters in Raqqa, Syria, and proved determined to revive the Arab golden age and committed executions to establish control.
Mosul Local Feelings (01:42)
In Mosul, ISIS had local support and many thought the attackers were only Saddam loyalists and did not resist.
Conquest of Mosul (02:53)
ISIS took over mosques and declared victory over loudspeakers; Iraqi forces ran despite superior numbers. ISIS took over American-donated military equipment and took cash from the central bank.
Proclaiming Caliphate (03:30)
Al-Baghdadi proclaimed a Caliphate, combining a long-time Islamist vision with actual territory. ISIS rejects the Western-designed international system in favor of a return to the Arab golden age.
Border Crossing (03:44)
A Maktab Khalid border crossing separates ISIS from Kurdish fighters. Civilians cross daily.
ISIS Financing (03:13)
ISIS must deliver public services to maintain support. ISIS controls oil fields, a major source of financing.
Oil Smuggling (02:30)
ISIS smuggles oil through networks; once it is in Turkish tankers, it is part of the international oil supply. Turkey looks the other way.
ISIS Control of Agriculture (01:38)
ISIS controls 15% of Iraq's GDP. It took Mosul dam, giving it control of wheat harvests of Nineveh plains, a revenue source.
ISIS Methods (01:55)
Iraq has rich resources. ISIS diversified financing sources and sold assets at below-market prices. A resident discusses its bureaucracy and how it governs.
ISIS Governing (01:58)
ISIS recruits civil servants and technicians and controls banks that continue making international transactions. ISIS launched a currency linked to gold.
ISIS Atrocities (01:33)
ISIS commits atrocities; it mentions such activities in annual reports.
Town Retaken by Kurds (02:07)
Kurds have retaken Zumar after its destruction by ISIS. Men come to pick up food aid from the Kurdish government; Arabs inhabitants have not returned.
Ethnic Cleansing in Zumar (01:09)
ISIS wrote "Arab" or "Kurd" on businesses and homes in Zumar to designate people's fate; they killed many.
Future of ISIS (01:44)
Can ISIS sustain itself? Marginalized Iraqi and Syrian Sunnis support it. A French official argues that it isolates itself and cannot succeed.
Fight Against ISIS (03:08)
Kurds and Shiites fight ISIS. An Iranian-trained Shiite militia retook Jurf al-Sakhar, where people welcomed them as liberators.
Future of ISIS War (03:11)
The war against ISIS seems likely to be long; ISIS has the means to fight on. ISIS has become the brand of international jihad.
Credits: ISIS, Birth of a Terrorist State (01:04)
Credits: ISIS, Birth of a Terrorist State
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