Segments in this Video

Black Joy (03:04)


Black spaces are deeply tied to joy and survival. Segregation and Jim Crow led to the creation of spaces that were only for black people.

Black Metropolis (06:17)

Harlem was the first black metropolis. It catered to the black community in northern urban cities that had informal segregation. Rent parties became the solution to low wages and high rents set by white proprietors.

Great Depression (04:27)

The Depression was devastating for the black community, and many turned to informal ways of making money. Numbers was a betting game in large cities that operated through black businesses. The illegal business created a morality issue in black communities.

Negro Leagues (03:45)

The leagues were a main source of entertainment during the Great Depression. Gus Greenlee, owner of the Pittsburgh Crawfords, established the Negro League All Star Game in Chicago. The game led to integration with the white league, eventually ending the Negro Leagues.

Black Communism (05:08)

Many black sharecroppers became interested in communism because of their extreme poverty. The Communist Party formed the Sharecroppers' Union in 1931. Communists were targets for racial violence and the Ku Klux Klan.

Black Activism (04:52)

Black communities began organizing around racial, economic, and class issues. Economic boycotts targeted businesses that did not employ black people. A. Philip Randolph and the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters used their national network to organize labor.

March on Washington (02:58)

Randolph and other black leaders utilized their networks to organize a nationwide march. The goal was to end racial discrimination in government hiring.

Green Book (05:10)

Victor Green created the book to improve the safety of black people while traveling. It included all types of black-owned businesses throughout the country.

Black Education (04:42)

Black soldiers returned home fed up with the injustices of Jim Crow. Many used the GI Bill to attend Historically Black Colleges and Universities. Strategies for fighting against Jim Crow developed at HBCUs.

"Ebony Magazine" (04:31)

In 1945, John Johnson created “Ebony Magazine” as an alternate version of “Life Magazine”; “Ebony” and “Jet” connected black communities throughout the country. “Ebony” highlighted black accomplishments and covered injustices toward black people, like the murder of Emmett Till.

Civil Rights Activism (06:25)

Emmett Till's murder in Mississippi sparked a wave of activism. Rosa Parks' arrest led to the Montgomery Bus Boycott; people utilized networks of black activists that had been building for years. The March on Washington happened in 1963.

Credits: "Making Black America: Episode 3" (00:59)

Credits: "Making Black America: Episode 3"

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Making Black America: Episode 3

Part of the Series : Making Black America
3-Year Streaming Price: $169.95



In hour three, the Great Depression devastates America’s economy and brings Black America to its knees. To survive, the Black community uses social networks to navigate the oppressive realities of Jim Crow. Host Henry Louis Gates, Jr. explores how social networks formed the cultural, economic and political foundation of the Civil Rights Movement which would transform America’s race relations.

Length: 53 minutes

Item#: FPT282630

Copyright date: ©2022

Closed Captioned

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