FUNAI representative Jose da Costa discusses efforts to relocate the Kithaulhu. Many elderly people and children died from disease; women from weaker groups were taken by force. Landowners used Agent Orange to clear the forest.
FUNAI implemented a culture-based assistance program to rebuild Nambiquara society. However, the World Bank Road Br-354 divided the Vale cultural area prior to demarcating indigenous land. Brazil's development policy rejected indigenous knowledge and medicine.
The Polo Noroeste corridor was constructed for mining deposit access; latifundias purchased the best land. The Nambiquara suffered diseases and were given logging equipment without support, exploiting noble wood from their own territories to satisfy new consumer needs.
Costa says there are no leaders seeking economic gain yet, but FUNAI advisors have recently been removed—leaving large regions without monitoring or moral advice. The Brazilian Army demarcated their lands in the mid-1980s in an immoral process.
Costs believes the Nambiquara can maintain their culture if trustworthy people work with them. Their territory contains resources and is threatened by proposed hydroelectric dams. Since the Polo Noreste was constructed, white “invaders” have massacred some groups before FUNAI contact.
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This program by anthropologist Barrie Machin features an interview with Jose´ Eduardo Fernandes Moreira da Costa about the Nambiquara. Jose is an Indigista a promotor and protector of Indian culture. He discusses the effect of the Polo Noroeste Project The BR-364 road and development policy on the Nambiquara. José talks about the neglect of Indigenous knowledge and the opening up of Indigenous areas to foreign capital through the building of the B-364 road and so-called agrarian reform, the suffering of small farmers and Indians and the introduction of many diseases new patterns of consumption.
Length: 17 minutes
Copyright date: ©1989
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