Invasion of Migrants (05:34)
Sam Willis is researching the different invasions of Britain to see how the history and mentality shaped the kingdom. Recent DNA evidence has show that migrants have been arriving in Britain since the Neolithic period and the idea of the being a descendant of the “original British people” might not exist anymore. Willis gets his DNA tested to track his lineage through British history.
Invasion of Farmers (07:51)
Neolithic farmers arrived in Britain from mainland Europe and the Middle East. They dramatically changed the landscape and replaced the hunter-gathers in about 400 years. They mined flint to make axes that were used to clear about 10% of British forests.
Invasion of Beakers (04:52)
The Beakers came to Britain 4,500 year ago from southern Ukraine and Russia, bringing metal working and ceramics to Britain. They built stone monuments and are thought to have worked on the later stages of Stonehenge. The Beakers eventually replaced the Neolithic farmers and were the last major migration that can be detected in human DNA.
Internal Invasions (01:53)
By the Bronze Age, tribes were competing for resources, whether it was hunting grounds or farmland. Archaeological evidence shows that some of the clashes turned violent.
Celtic Cultural Invasion (07:10)
The prominence of the Beaker people debunks the idea that most of Britain is descended from the Celts. Through they might have slowly migrated to Britain, their style of art and culture came to Britain through travel and trade instead of a physical invasion. The Italian idea of a chariot made it to Britain with a Celtic style during the Iron Age.
Roman Invasion (04:40)
About 2,000 years ago, Julius Caesar led the Roman army onto the beaches near Kent, where they fought possibly at Bigbury Hill Fort. The Roman struggled against the British and numerous ships sunk in the English Channel. Roman goods and food became popular in Britain before the full-scale invasion in 43 A.D.
Resistance to Rome (04:44)
Hadrian's Wall marked the boundary between Roman rule and free Britain. Multiple British tribes united under Boudica and fought against the Romans. They were defeated by the Romans and Boudica poisoned herself.
Germanic Invasion (05:06)
The Romans brought Germanic mercenaries to defend Britain and many stayed after the Roman's left in 409 A.D. The Angle and Saxon tribes were the most brutal and set up rival kingdoms after conquering British land.
Viking Invasion (03:01)
Vikings began raiding Britain at the end of the eighth century. The Angles and Saxons fought the Vikings but differing fighting styles helped the Vikings achieve success. The Vikings took control of modern-day Scotland and the Angles and Saxons united against them.
Invader Ancestors (02:27)
The Vikings and the Anglo-Saxons were both descended from the Beaker people. Willis receives the results of his ancestry DNA test.
Credits: Invasion: Episode 1 (00:33)
Credits: Invasion: Episode 1
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