Jesus the Criminal (02:44)
Roman historian Tacitus mentioned Jesus Christ as a criminal who had been executed in an account of a mass execution of Christians 30 years later. Jesus was seen as a social revolutionary in the Roman Empire, which made him a political threat.
Jesus of Early Christianity (04:00)
Early Christians in Rome continued many of the practices for burial used by the Pagan Romans. The catacombs contained some of the first examples of Christian art. Jesus was depicted as a shepherd, which was not viewed as threatening by the Romans.
Galilee at Jesus' Birth (08:38)
Jesus was born under the reign of Emperor Augustus and lived in modern-day Palestine, which was ruled by Roman-appointed King Herod. Herod was a devout Jew and rebuilt the temple in Jerusalem but was cruel to his subjects. The citizens were critical of the Roman leadership and revolts were common.
Jesus the Peasant (03:52)
Nazareth was a small village of about 200 people. The focus on beard and debts in the New Testament reflects the poor economic conditions of early Christians. Roman rule was pushing peasants off their farms and into deeper poverty, which increased the popularity of Jesus' message.
Jesus the Healer (07:26)
Wellness was seen as an individual and community concept during Jesus' time. The emphasis on healing in the Bible makes it seem that he was viewed as a healer. There were strict laws against healing and wellness, which Jesus violated by healing sinners.
Jesus in Jerusalem (06:16)
Jesus criticized the wealth and lifestyles of the rich in the city. Luxurious tombs made of limestone were common among wealthy families. Life in Galilee was more primitive; many Galileans viewed cities as corrupt, sinful, and expensive.
Jesus the Revolutionary (02:13)
Any violent uprisings were quickly stamped out by Roman forces. Jesus opted for a social, nonviolent revolution to spread his message. His violent end helped his movement to continue.
Jesus the Prophet (05:13)
Unlike most social revolutions of the time, Jesus' cause did not die out after his death. Jesus had encouraged people to practice his methods and continue his teachings themselves. The resurrection was crucial to Christianity continuing.
Jesus the Martyr (06:42)
Romans were alarmed by early Christians, who did not fear death because they believed in eternal life. The martyrdom of Jesus, Peter, and others helped strengthen and grow the religion. Eventually, Rome became Christian with the conversion of Emperor Constantine.
Credits: The Lives Of Jesus: Jesus The Rebel (00:42)
Credits: The Lives Of Jesus: Jesus The Rebel
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