Kimberly's Story (02:19)
Kimberly Morgan Bossley was the first U.S. baby born to a kidney transplant patient. During birth, her mother received a blood transfusion. Forty years later, they were both diagnosed with Hepatitis C.
Understanding Hepatitis C (03:26)
The virus causing liver disease and chronic inflammation can be hard to detect without a detailed medical history; Kimberly's symptoms were non-specific. Doctors Louis Papa and Raymond Chung recommend all patients be tested due to exposure risk.
Treatment Dilemma (03:09)
Kimberly's viral load was initially low; she was not treated to avoid harsh drugs. Her mother was untreated due to her kidney transplant. Anti-rejection medications suppressed her immune system; the disease progressed rapidly. Kimberly suffered depression while caring for her.
Myth or Medicine (02:00)
Dr. Anil Sharma explains that Hepatitis C is not spread by mosquitos, but through contact to an infected person's blood. It is present in one percent of the U.S. population. Patients should avoid alcohol.
Hepatitis C Progression (04:31)
Kimberley's doctor monitored her viral load but recommended against treatment due to harsh drugs. A few years later, she became sick; a liver biopsy revealed stage 4. Interferon and ribavirin were ineffective and had harsh side effects.
Chang discusses developing a new drug to treat Hepatitis C. It is an antiviral medication that can be used as an antibiotic. Kimberley's viral load reduced to zero within days. Liver scar tissue may improve, over time.
Treatment Affordability Challenge (01:51)
Sovaldi cures Hepatitis C but costs $1,000 per pill. Panelists discuss patient stratification and rationing.
Second Opinion (01:55)
Kimberly asks how to maintain her liver health, with a stage 4 cirrhosis diagnosis. Panelists recommend finishing her Hepatitis C treatment, avoiding alcohol, and getting Hepatitis A and B vaccines.
Second Opinion 5 (02:04)
Hear five reasons to get tested for Hepatitis C, a "silent" yet curable disease.
Credits: Hepatitis C—Second Opinion (01:09)
Credits: Hepatitis C—Second Opinion
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