Introduction: All in the Mind (01:22)
Nathan Wallis introduces the topics of this video- are male and female brains fundamentally different?
Sex Differences (03:21)
The structure of the hypothalamus differs between males and females. Research on sheep is applied to humans in order to understand sexual orientation. The frontal lobe controls complex behavior making gender studies difficult from a biological perspective alone.
Brain Anatomy (02:05)
Nathan Wallis and Cynthia Darlington discuss the anatomical differences between male and females. Early research was conducted on healthy 20-year-old males.
Behavioral Differences (03:37)
Wallis interviews men and women in their natural habitat regarding the differences between males and females. Wallis undergoes a functional MRI to measure activity in specific regions of the brain during communication tasks. Results indicate that Wallis, like many men, has asymmetric brain activity.
Nature and Nurture (10:02)
Bart Ellenbroek and Nathan Wallis observe how chimpanzees respond to gendered toys. Annette Henderson conducts experiments to understand the socially driven development of gender identity.
Testosterone in Action (03:27)
Follow along as Wallis investigates testosterone levels and spatial awareness difference between male and females.
Typical Male and Female Brain (02:18)
Ian Kirk explains the relatively small difference between male and female brains as they relate to performance on language tasks.
Gender Identity (05:30)
Wallis interviews Mani Bruce Mitchell to understand the differences between male and female brains. Mitchell recalls her experience as an intersex individual and the impact that socialization and biology have had on her identity.
Society and Gender (02:05)
Wallis interviews students about gender, sex, and impact environmental influence. Students address possible social changes related to gender socialization.
Neuroscience and Gender (02:52)
Bret Ellenbroke explains why a comprehensive understanding of the human brain is difficult and how various disorders manifest between males and females.
ADHD and Gender (05:12)
ADHD is a neurodevelopmental disorder that develops more commonly in males. Wallis undergoes an EGG and explores a new program centered on plasticity aimed to reduce symptoms of ADHD in adolescents. Dr. Karen Waldie explores how neuroimaging will help researchers understand neurological disorders in males and females.
Final Thoughts: All in the Mind (01:33)
Human populations have a scatter of ability within males and females. Difference simply means not the same, not better or worse. Walls notes that women and men are more similar than different.
Credits: All in the Mind (00:35)
Credits: All in the Mind
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