Body Modification (03:36)
Paul Giamatti will explore cyborg technology, a hybrid being which blends man and machine. C.C. James and Giamatti scour a bookstore looking for science fiction about the trend.
Human Enhancement (03:26)
Engineers at Lockheed Martin designed FORTIS to help humans wield heavy tools. At the Guardian Center, Trish Aelker tests how the exoskeleton works in a first responder situation.
In an experiment, a rhesus monkey manipulated a robotic arm through thought. Miguel Nicolelis designed an exoskeleton that can be controlled through a non-invasive EEG skullcap. Sulaiman Shakur describes how it helps restore the experience of walking to individuals who lost leg function.
Eric Vlatkovic, a paraplegic, is the first person to walk using the exoskeleton. The brain incorporates technologies humans use and makes them part of you. The Apollo landing inspired most scientists of Nicolelis' age group.
Tool Use and the Brain (05:27)
David Eagleman studies time perception, synesthesia, and neurolaw. The Potato Head theory hypothesizes that the brain will figure out how to work with any tool provided. The Variable Extrasensory Transducer (VEST) helps deaf individuals interpret speech.
Sensory Addition (03:02)
Eagleman wants to feed information into the brain through the VEST. The definition of what it means to be human is changing rapidly.
Brain Plasticity (04:16)
At the Karolinska Institute, Henrik Ehrsson studies how to extend the human body using technology. Giamatti undergoes the rubber hand test. Ehrsson explains how brains are tricked into believing a prosthetic is part of our anatomy.
V.R. Experiment (02:44)
Using virtual reality, scientists trick Giamatti into thinking he is inside a doll. Ehrsson explains that the body needs to be proportional.
Humans and Technology (04:30)
Hearing aids and glasses that are attached to computers are cyborg technology. David Cronenberg believes future enhancements will become organic and make changes on a cellular level, like his movie "Existenz." Technology is an expression of its creator and human.
Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats (04:56)
CRISPR is an enzyme that can read genetic code and edit different sections. George Church discusses the naturally occurring robot. Culture is starting to affect human DNA.
Cyborg Technology (02:38)
The term cyborg was first used in a paper describing technological advancements that would help humans live in outer space. If humans can escape the planet, it is the ultimate Darwinian success. Humans want cyborg technology. (Credits)
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